Our classes are taught in English, but we use Japanese for many instructions and techniques.
Compound of Ai (harmony), Ki (spirit), and Do (way): The Way of Harmonious Spirit.
One who practices aikido.
To blend with the attack
Wooden sword used in practice.
The warrior’s code, the way of the warrior.
Dan (dan) Black belt rank. Literally: “step” or “stage”.
Training hall, place of The Way. In Buddhism this means “place of worship”.
Head of the dojo.
Domo arigato gozaimashita (doe-moe ah-ree-gah-toe go-zah-ee-mash-tah).
“Thank you very much”. Spoken by students after training to thank Sensei.
Comrade, friend. Used among fellow aikidoka.
Training clothing. More formally – Keikogi.
A skirt-like divided trouser; a formal garment that is worn by dan grade holders, and by 1st kyu (brown belt grade) with good posture within TIA Europe.
A posture in which one foot is advanced one step and the body weight is distributed equally on both feet, in a triangular stance. Literally: “half-body”.
Hanmi handachi (hahn-me han-dah-chee)
A type of training in which nage is kneeling and uke approaches from a standing position.
Eight direction cut.
One’s physical and spiritual centre. Physically, in the lower abdomen a few inches below the navel.
The left side
To enter, entering.
Jiyu Waza (gee-you wah-zah)
Freestyle techniques / practices.
To revolve or rotate.
A pre-arranged exercise.
One hand (left or right).
Practice session, training.
Keikogi (ghee) Training clothing. See keiko and gi.
Ken (ken) Wooden sword. See bokken.
Spirit. The vital force of the body, universal energy, a stream or flow of positive energy.
A piercing scream or cry with practical and psychological value. Literally: “meeting of the spirits”.
Basic techniques from static positions.
Ki no nagare (key-no-na-ga-ray)
Flowing techniques, with movement.
A student junior to oneself; someone with a lower rank or who attained the same rank at a later date. See sempai.
Breath power, the coordination of ki flow with breathing.
Kokyu Dosa (coke-you-doe sah)
A method of off-balancing and pinning your partner with ki instead of physical power.
Kokyu-Ryoku (coke-you row-kyoo)
Hips, waist. Sometimes spelled “goshi”.
The aikido ranks held prior to attainment of dan ranking.
Distance between uke and nage. Literally: “harmony of space”.
The right side.
To blend and tie in, to become one, to harmonise.
(1) A throw, or (2) the person who throws.
Onegai shimasu (oh-neh-guy shi-mass)
Said to Sensei at the start of keiko, and to fellow aikidoka when beginning a technique. Literally: “Please let me train with you”.
O Sensei (oh-sen-say)
Great Teacher. The founder of aikido, Morihei Ueshiba.
Student senior to oneself, someone with a higher rank or who attained the same rank at an earlier date. Used to address a student taking keiko when Sensei is not present. See: kohai.
A formal sitting posture in which the insteps and shins rest against the floor.
Holder of the first grade of black belt. Literally: “beginning step”.
(1) Front, (2) the front or top of the head, (3) the front of the dojo, where the picture of O Sensei is placed.
A single movement using the ken or jo, done as a solo practice.
Suwari Waza (sue-wah-ree wah-zah)
(1) Japanese sword, (2) standing (as opposed to sitting).
Tachi Waza (tah-chee wah-zah)
Techniques of taking an opponent’s sword.
Compound of Take (martial) & Musu (to be born). This refers to martial movement spontaneously created, without active thought, resulting in a pure Aikido technique.
Body arts, the techniques of aikido performed without weapons.
Tai No Henko (tie-no-hen-ko)
Basic blending practice. Literally: “changing the body”.
Hand blade, sword edge of the hand.
Compound from ten (heaven) and chi (earth). A position of the hands: one high and one low.
He who receives a person (nage) to attack. Generally speaking, the person being thrown or immobilised.
The art of receiving the energy of a technique. Literally: “receive with the body”.
Back, behind, rear.
Stop (as a command). Said by the instructor to end formally.
Side of the head.
Adapted from the glossary on the New Forest Aikido website.